ISLAMABAD: Despite its agreement for accession to Pakistan in 1947, the Muslim-ruled Junagarh state remains under illegal Indian occupation for the last 74 years.
The geostrategic importance of Junagarh and access to the Arabian Sea give it unique importance for a regional trade route.
According to an analytical report by Kashmir Media Service, Junagarh had the unique dispensation of being the second-largest among Muslim states and a rich one, ranked fifth in terms of revenue generation among the 561 British India princely states.
It was one of the major princely states of British India with an area of around 4000 square miles and its own standing army besides a proper system of governance.
Illegal Indian occupation of Junagarh state is not acceptable in any case #India must end its illegal occupation of Junagarh state and leave Junagarh otherwise we have the right to end this occupation by force and liberate our state. #IndiaQuitJunagadh #WeDidNotForgetJunagadh— Mohammad Ahsan Kaleem (@Markhorcyber007) November 9, 2021
However, India illegally occupied it in a blatant violation of ‘Article 26’ of the ‘Vienna Convention of law on treaties.
Citing the historical facts, the report said that Nawab Mohabat Khanji, the then governor of Junagarh reached an agreement with Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah, Governor-General of Pakistan and signed the ‘Instrument of Accession.
It was the first princely state to accede to Pakistan on September 15, 1947.
#India forcefully annexed Junagarh state on 9 Nov. Still this day is declared as black day in the history of Pakistan. Pakistan must have to raise voice diplomatically for Junagarh. #ہم_جوناگڑھ_کو_نہیں_بھولے— Arish Wasii (@ArishWasii) November 9, 2021
As the Nawab of Junagarh visited Karachi to discuss procedural details concerning accession, India advanced its troops and occupied the state on November 9, 1947.
However, Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah approached the UN Nations for the redressal of the issue in January 1948. The UN Security Council ordered its commission on Kashmir to examine the conflict over Junagarh. However, the case still remains unresolved.
“The state is an integral part of Pakistan lawfully as there is a genuine ‘Instrument of Accession’ duly signed by Nawab of Junagarh and Quaid-i- Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah,” the report adds.
India forcefully annexed Junagarh state on 9 Nov. Still this day is declared as black day in the history of Pakistan. Pakistan must have to raise voice diplomatically for Junagarh. #ہم_جوناگڑھ_کو_نہیں_بھولے #کشمیر_جوناگڑھ_خالصتان #WeDidNotForgetJunagadh pic.twitter.com/0LkqU3dmre— Shafique Rehman (@Shafique947) November 9, 2021
India claimed that on basis of population, it was rightful in occupying Junagarh despite the fact that the Nawab had signed a legally authentic Instrument of Accession with Pakistan.
“The fact is India is illegally holding both Kashmir and Junagarh in violation of international laws and the Partition plan,” the report remarked.
Being an international issue, it had also been raised at the UN in 1948 by the then Pakistan’s foreign minister.
The Muslims of Junagarh still observe November 9, 1974, as a black day of Indian occupation in their homeland.
On August 5, 2020, Pakistan had approved and released the new political map of Pakistan, which includes territories of Jammu and Kashmir and a part of Ladakh. The map also included Junagarh, Manavadar and Sir Creek in Indian Gujarat as part of Pakistan.
At the time of partition, Pakistan was facing many challenges like the lack of resources, no organised army and influx of refugees and it was not in any position to retaliate Indian aggression.
The Nawab, together with his household, left the state by the end of October to Karachi, leaving the state administration in the hands of the Dewan.
Recently, Nawab of Junagarh Mohammad Jahangir Khanji appealed to Prime Minister Imran Khan to become an ambassador of Junagarh as he did in the case of Kashmir and highlight the issue of liberation of the state from Indian occupation at all international forums.
Pakistan’s claim has a legal standing in the eye of international law and the UN must act accordingly to ensure protection of Muslim citizens of the state and peaceful resolution of this long-standing territorial disputes between two states.