WASHINGTON: As the Narendra Modi-led Indian government marks its first year in office on Tuesday, the American media has taken a critical view of his accomplishments, saying his flagship “Make in India” drive is “so far mostly hype”, job growth remains sluggish amid “outsize expectations”.
“India’s Modi at One Year: ‘Euphoria Phase’ Is Over, Challenges Loom,” reads a headline in the Wall Street Journal of an article on Mr. Modi’s first year as Indian Prime Minister.
“A year after Indian voters handed Narendra Modi a once-in-a-generation mandate for change and economic revival, messy realities are sinking in,” the WSJ report said.
It said that Mr. Modi’s “Make in India” drive, aimed at supercharging manufacturing growth, “is so far mostly hype”.
It cited economic parameters like exports to say that the “economy is merely limping along”.
Inflation-adjusted lending for capital investment last year fell to a level not seen since 2004, it said, adding that exports were down for the fifth straight month in April, corporate earnings were dismal and foreign institutional investors have pulled around $2 billion out of Indian stocks and bonds in May so far.
The New York Times, in a news analysis, said Mr. Modi must face the reality that much of his agenda is still only potential.
“From abroad, India is now seen as a bright spot, expected to pass China this year to become the world’s fastest-growing large economy. But at home, job growth remains sluggish. Businesses are in wait-and-see mode. And Modi has political vulnerabilities, as parliamentary opposition leaders block two of his central reform initiatives and brand him ‘anti-poor’ and ‘anti-farmer’,” the NYT article titled “After a Year of Outsize Expectations, Modi Adjusts His Political Course for India” said.
It said “most formidable of all is a problem” Mr. Modi has “made for himself: outsize expectations that he would sweep away constraints to growth in India, like stringent laws governing labour and land acquisition.
The NYT quoted senior vice-president at leading Indian garment exporter Orient Craft’s Vimarsh Razdan as saying that the Modi government’s “image became larger than they themselves.
“They have become superheroes. And everyone knows superheroes don’t exist,” he said in the report.