By Maria Zahid
“Behold! In the creation of the heavens and earth, and in the alternation of Night and Day there are indeed signs for men of understanding.”
According to the famous physicist and Nobel prize winner, Albert Einstein, “Science without religion is lame, Religion without science is blind.” There are scientific and historical facts found in the Holy Quran which are unknown to the people at the time, and have only been discovered recently by science.
“The Quran is not a book of science but a book of signs, i.e. Ayats. There are more than six thousands signs in the Quran of which many deal with Science.”
Sun, Moon, Earth, Planets and all which are in rotation, mentioned in the Holy Quran 1400 years ago, discovered recently.
“It is He who created the Night and the Day, and the Sun and the Moon: All (heavenly bodies) swim along, each in its rounded course.”
“It is not permitted to the Sun to catch up the Moon, nor can the Night outstrip the Day. Each just swim along in its own orbit (According to law).”
In fact, the Sun travels through space at roughly 150 miles per second, and takes about 200 million years to complete one revolution around the center of our Milkyway galaxy. For a long time European philosophers and scientists believed that the earth stood still in the center of the universe and every other body including the sun moved around it. In 1512, Nicholas Copernicus put forward his theory of planetary motion, which shows that the Sun is motionless at the center of the Solar system with the Planets revolving around it. In 1609 The German scientist Yohannus Keppler published the ‘Astronomia Nova’. In this he concluded that not only do the Planets move in elliptical orbits around the Sun, they also rotate upon their axes at regular speeds. After these discoveries, it was thought that the Sun was stationary and did not rotate about its axis like the earth. The Arabic word Yasbahun is derived from the word Sahaba. If we use the word for a man on the ground, it would not mean that he is rolling but would mean he is walking or running. If we use the same word for a man in water it would not mean that he is floating but would mean that he is swimming. Similarly, if we use the word Yasbaha for heavenly bodies such as Sun it would not mean that it is only flying through space but would mean that it is also rotating as it goes through space. The sun takes approximately 25 days to rotate around its own axis. It is possible to split even an atom mentioned in Quran 1400 hundred years ago, discovered recently. In recent times modern science has discovered that it is possible to split even an atom. That the atom can be split further is a development of 20th century. Fourteen centuries ago this concept would appeared unusual even to Arabs. For them the ‘Dharrah’ was the limit beyond which one could not go. Milk in animals is produced by conjunction between the contents of Intestine and Blood, mentioned in Quran a long long ago,
“And verily in cattle there is a lesson for you. We give you to drink of what is inside their body, coming from a conjunction between the contents of the intestine and the blood, a milk pure and pleasant for those who drink it.”
The Quranic description of the production of milk in cattle is similar to what modern Physiology has discovered. Allah says:
“Those who reject our signs, we shall soon cast into the Fire, As often as their skins are roasted through, We shall change them for fresh skins, that they may taste the Penalty: for Allah is Exalted in power, wise.” It was thought that the sense of feeling and pain was only dependent on the brain. Recent discoveries prove that there are pain receptors present in the skin without which a person would not be able to feel pain. “Why don’t the unbelievers realize that the heavens and earth were one pieces than we parted them.” The two words ‘RATQ and ‘FATQ’ needs attention. RATQ means to fuse and bind together, on the other hand FATQ the antonym of BATQ means an action to break, diffuse or separate. The Quran describes this fact 14 centuries ago and invited people to think about it. After centuries of research, modern cosmology and astronomy have put forward the same idea in the form of BIG BANG THEORY. What science has discovered in the last few decades, was stated in the Quran a long long ago.
“And he keeps expanding in his creation what he wills”. So with the expanding process every minute such new galaxies and creations are being produced which no one even knows, poet of East, Iqbal before the discovery of Robert Wilson has aptly in his lyrics. “The universe is probably incomplete that I hear every minute the sound of KUN FAYAKOON. According to scientists it took 15 billion years for this single entity to last. What was before this single mass, science is unable to answer this question till now. The riddle is solved by believing in KUN FAYAKOON.
Last but not the least topic of my article is IRON, Iron did not form on the earth and came from other space, it is mentioned in Quran as; Allah says in Quran,
“ And we also sent down Iron in which there lies great force and which has many uses for mankind.” Astronomical findings have discussed that the Iron found in our world has come from giant stars in outer space. Not only the iron on earth, but also the iron in the entire Solar System, comes from outer space, since the temperature in the Sun has a surface temperature of 6000 degree Celsius, and a core temperature of approximately 20 millions degrees. Iron can only be produced in much larger stars than the Sun, where the temperature reaches a few hundred million degrees. When the amount of iron exceeds a certain level in star, the star can no longer accommodate it, and it eventually explodes in what is called a Nova or a Supernova. These explosions make it possible for iron to be given off into space. At the end I must say that Quran is a book that is the word of Allah and there is no doubt about its divinity.