<a href="http:\/\/dailythepatriot.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/Panama-Papers.jpg"><img class="size-full wp-image-26516 aligncenter" src="http:\/\/dailythepatriot.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/Panama-Papers.jpg" alt="Panama-Papers" width="660" height="371" \/><\/a>\r\n\r\n<strong>By Sabina Babar<\/strong>\r\n\r\n\u201cWhen sorrows come, they come not single spies. But in battalions!\u201d The maxim explains Pakistani politics of last decade more than any situation of Elizabethan times as the Pakistani political landscape, marred by internal political strife and numerous surfacing scandals, is constantly drifting to uncertainty in its viability as a sustainable system. The latest and strongest of all the jolts to the system are Panama Leaks that have challenged legitimacy of many ruling houses in Pakistan. Nonetheless, no matter what happens to the fate of ruling Nawaz family, one of the main questions behind the biggest leak of private documents seen on the Internet is whether we should care at all about the existence of a global web of corruption, and whether something will be done about it. The answer is positive on both counts. In a world of extreme inequality and massive social problems such as ours, the economic, social, and political effects of tax avoidance due to the existence of tax havens are enormous. Without taxes, societies will struggle to function as they will be unable to provide essential public services. But while workers and small-to-medium-sized businesses are paying the full tax rate, global corporations and the super-rich have been paying fewer and fewer taxes over the years with the concomitant growth of the world economy and the spread of offshore tax havens. Welcome to global capitalism, tax injustice, and the undermining of democracy. The involvement of influential names in the leak, such as that of Russian leader Vladimir Putin and the sitting presidents of Argentina and Ukraine, and the prime minister of Iceland and Pakistan, to name just a few of world leaders implicated in the Mossack Fonseca scandal, will undoubtedly produce global political shocks and may lead, one hopes, to a global spring on global governance.\r\n\r\nThe Panama Papers leak reveals that offshore companies such as Mossack Fonseca need to come under very close scrutiny as they are not illegal in themselves but aim to conceal the identity of the true company and fund owners. They prove beyond doubt that corruption and massive tax avoidance are pervasive throughout the world, not confined merely to lands where only authoritarian and oppressive regimes exist.\u00a0 The important aspect the Panama Papers leak reveals that, it is not just the global tax system that is broken, but global governance itself. Panama Papers\u2019 leakage have opened up a new debate about ethics of governance as the papers carry information about how specific class is manipulating our governance system for not paying taxes and transferring the ill-gotten money through parallel banking systems to various tax heavens and later on layering of the same money through off shore companies in buying expansive properties across the globe. The process, on one hand is widening the economic divide within a society as the non-tax payer rich getting richer at the expanse of the poor who pays his taxes but is deprived of his share of social guarantees in return. Unfortunately, being part of the ruling elite or getting knotted to the power corridors, this affluent class is not answerable or accountable to anyone. These documents have resurrected classic concepts of philosophers like Plato, Joseph Ellul, Thomas Dye and Aristotle about ethics of governance and formation of a just society.\r\n\r\nConferring to Aristotle, dynamics of governance are the concepts of oligarchy (egalitarianism and tyranny) and aristocracy (polity). In today\u2019s political structure Oligarchies are one presiding in the governance system; it\u2019s a group of well-heeled people, landlord, businessman, royalty or powerful military persons, ruling for their own personal gains. Politicians are ethically certain to take decision for the people they represent and their decisions are bound to result into a tangible outcome in the form of betterment of their people. But Panama Papers reveal breach of this trust between ruled and the ruler, as the latter is found manipulating and designing the system to allow riches to avoid taxes.\u00a0 This process of personal gains results in change of important pillars of governance (constitution, legislation). Through circumstantial breakdown of this subject, it gives us proper insight of flaws in our ruling authorities and our power structure.\r\n\r\nIn Panama leaks, the prominent names of Pakistan\u2019 business community and politicians are included.\u00a0 These are people who belong to specific ruling class in Pakistan and are representative of majority of Pakistan\u2019s population living below the poverty line. This difference in ruling class and general public is so high that it actually gives them space to rule according to their needs. Panama papers are portraying the flaws in power dynamics of Pakistani society at certain levels. In contrast, when we question why Americans\u2019 have no single name in panama paper? The simple answer is that in US executives there is proper scrutiny of those who are part of governance.\u00a0 Discerning the American governance structure is somewhat portraying the optimistic side of America. US governing bodies elect the participant on defined facets and even on presidential level respective person is accountable for his assets during his retro of stay. Proponents of American of political structure have to show their assets, sources, at every step they are examined by proper firms system. In Pakistan the case is opposite, here business class is the ruling one though there isn\u2019t issue with which class is governing but concern is they have to work in interest of general public and not for their personal gains. Here there is not comparison of US and Pakistani governance system its simple a process of check and balance that is in applied form and visible in US but not in Pakistan.