WASHINGTON : Nuclear Threat Initiative (NTI) has ranked Pakistan as the most improved country in nuclear assets security, among the countries with weapons-usable nuclear materials. On nuclear materials security, the 2020 NTI Index finds that most improved among countries with materials in 2020 is Pakistan, which improved its overall score by adopting new on-site physical protection and cyber security regulations, improving insider threat protection measures, and more. Pakistan’s score improvement for regulatory measures is the second largest improvement for regulations in the Index since 2012. Pakistan was the most improved country in the theft ranking for countries with weapons-usable nuclear materials, improving its overall score by 7 points. The majority of Pakistan’s improvements are in the Security and Control Measures category (+25) because of its passage of new regulations. Pakistan also improved in the Global Norms category (+1). Pakistan’s improvements in the Security and Control Measures category are significant because strengthened laws and regulations result in durable boosts in Pakistan’s score as well as provide sustainable security benefits. Pakistan has steadily improved in the Security and Control Measures category over time with the passage of new regulations, improving by +8 in 2014, +2 in 2016, and +6 in 2018. Its score in 2014 improved owing to new regulations for on-site physical protection. In 2016, it passed new cyber security regulations. In 2018, it improved its insider threat protections. Its newest regulations mark a much larger shift. Compared with other countries’ score improvements in the Security and Control Measures category, Pakistan’s increase of +25 is the second-largest improvement of any country since the Index first launched in 2012. NTI is a nonpartisan, nonprofit global security organization focused on reducing nuclear and biological threats imperiling humanity. Founded in 2001 by former U.S. Senator Sam Nunn and philanthropist Ted Turner, who continue to serve as co-chairs, NTI is guided by a prestigious international board of directors. Ernest J. Moniz serves as co-chair and chief executive officer; Joan Rohlfing is president and chief operating officer. Meanwhile, Pakistan Ambassador to the United States Asad Majeed has welcomed the Nuclear Threat Initiative index for the year 2020. “We welcome that Nuclear Threat Initiative on weapons of mass destruction has categorized Pakistan as the most improved country for nuclear security measures in its Nuclear Security Index 2020,” he said in a Tweet. He said Pakistan’s improvement is also the second-largest ever by a country since the NTI Index was launched in 2012. Pakistan said to have established independent regulatory bodies with adequate legal authority to fulfil their assigned nuclear security responsibilities, including the National Command Authority (NCA), Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC), Pakistan Nuclear Regulatory Authority (PNRA) and Strategic Export Control Division (SECDIV). Pakistan Nuclear Security Regime, a report on country’s nuclear safety mechanisms, released at the International Atomic Energy Agency’s (IAEA) third International Conference on Nuclear Security, says that Pakistan has deployed modern technological solutions, such as intrusion detection systems, access control systems, delay barriers and search systems and a central alarm station. In the past, Pakistan has been accused of global nuclear proliferation. Abdul Qadeer Khan, described as the architect of the nuclear weapons programme in Pakistan that tested its first atomic bomb in 1998, was an important part of the nuclear black market and had help from people in many different countries, according to nuclear watchdog the International Atomic Energy Agency. Pakistan’s nuclear proliferation episodes include deals with Iran and North Korea.