The Nuclear Supply Group (NSG) recently held its annual sessions in Seoul, South Korea. The key issue before the plenary session was to consider membership applications from India and Pakistan. The meeting concluded on Friday, without granting membership to any country.
In comparison with Pakistan, India was more hopeful for getting nod to become member of the NSG. Main reason for failing to become member of the group was not signing Nuclear non Proliferation Treaty (NPT). Though India is holding China responsible for its failure to become member of NSG but its not true because Brazil, Russia, Mexico, Italy, Romania, Belarus, Turkey, China, Austria, Ireland, Belgium and New Zealand all opposed extending concession to India. NSG strengthened global efforts to discourage proliferation by refusing to accept India as a member.
Some Western countries under the umbrella of United States and Japan were trying best in favour of India in the NSG annual meeting, but decision of NSG group is not only a setback for India but also for all those countries supporting India over the issue.
There appears to be sufficient unity among those that oppose exceptionalism to ensure that an NPT signature is going to remain the primary NSG passport. But its not the end of episode, United States has reiterated that efforts to grant India member would continue and India would be member of the NSG group by the end of this year. In such a scenario Pakistan also needs to enhance its diplomatic efforts to get nod of other countries in its favour.
By refraining from admitting India, NSG strengthened global non-proliferation regime.