Pakistan Muslim League Nawaz (PMLN) has emerged victorious in the hotly contested NA-120 by elections. The seat was left vacant after the disqualification of former Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif. According to the results, PMLN's candidate Kulsoom Nawaz received 61,254 votes while Dr. Yasmin Rashid got 47,066 votes from the 220 polling stations in the constituency. Kusloom Nawaz who was absent from the campaign due to her ill health relied on the campaign run by her daughter Maryam Nawaz.\r\nThe election was being portrayed by the Pakistan Muslim League Nawaz as a referendum regarding the ouster of former Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif. The party had repeatedly claimed its dissatisfaction over the Supreme Court verdict in the Panama Papers case and had vowed to take the matter to the \u2018public\u2019s court\u2019. The victory will indeed be used by the ruling party as a sign that people believe that Nawaz Sharif wasn\u2019t \u2018justly\u2019 removed. However, it must be kept in mind that NA-120 has always been the stronghold of the ruling party, in the general elections 2013 Nawaz Sharif won from the constituency with a lead of around forty-thousand. Moreover the campaign was fully backed by the state machinery, an allegation leveled by the opposition parties and it is also a well known fact that ruling government\u2019s rarely faces much trouble in winning seats in by elections. So the rulings party\u2019s claim of victory in \u2018public\u2019s court\u2019 is fat fetched. Winning by a reduced margin in one of your strongest constituency while being in the government should actually be concerning. The election however has launched Maryam Nawaz to national politics and she has passed the first test, albeit a rather easy test. The strong contest put up by PTI\u2019s Dr Yasmin must be a cause of worry for the ruling party.\r\nAnother talking point from the NA-120 by elections was the emergence of two right wing parties who have received decent amount of votes. One of them was the Milli Muslim League who wasn\u2019t allowed to contest the election but its candidate Sheikh Yaqoob did take part in the election as an independent candidate securing around six thousand votes, another candidate was Khadim Hussain Rizvi\u2019s Labaik Ya Rasool (LYR) party. How the introduction of these new right wing religious parties will affect the next general elections is a bit early to predict but their entrance has raised some serious concerns too.\r\nFinally the election proved to be an embarrassing affairs for the once might Pakistan People\u2019s Party with its candidate failing to put even a semblance of a contest for third place.\r\nPMLN\u2019s assertion of NA-120 being a referendum on Sharif\u2019s ouster indirectly maligns institutes.