KARACHI, Oct 26 (INP) Muslims across the world observed Yaum-e-Shahadat (the
day of martyrdom) of Islam’s second caliph Hazart Umar Farooq (Radi Allahu
ta’ala Anhu) on Sunday.
In Pakistan, various religious and literary organizations organised
programmes to highlight the achievements and personality of the second
caliph who established a truly welfare Islamic state.
Umar (R.A), the son of Al-Khattab, was born in 584- 589 CE. He was one of
the most powerful and influential Muslim caliphs in history.
He was a sahabi (companion) of the prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H).He succeeded
the first caliph of Islam Hazrat Abu Bakr (Radi Allahu ta’ala Anhu).
He was an expert Islamic jurist and is best known for his pious and just
nature, which earned him the title Al-Faruq (“the one who distinguishes
between right and wrong”).
Under Hazrat Umar (R.A) the Islamic empire expanded to Persian and Roman
empires in less than two years. It was he who set aside the Christian ban on
Jews and allowed Jews into Jerusalem and to worship.
The caliph was assassinated on 27th Zilhaj, 644 while he was leading the
fajr prayer. The attacker stabbed him six times in the belly that proved
The great caliph of Islam embraced martyrdom on 1st Moharram.