The world is less peaceful than a decade ago, mostly due to conflict in the Middle East and Africa that is costing the global economy trillions of dollars, an international index showed on Wednesday. The Global Peace Index (GPI) 2018 has just come out and findings have confirmed that violence has increased world over. Over the last decade, this planet that we all call home has become a less peaceful place to live.
“There’s been a gradual decline in peacefulness over the last decade,” said Steve Killelea, head of the Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP), which is headquartered in Australia. “The reason for this slow, gradual decline in peacefulness really comes back to the conflicts in the Middle East and North Africa, and the spillover effects into other areas.
Europe has faced a migrant crisis since 2015, following wars in Libya and Syria. More than one million people from Africa and the Middle East, as well as many from Afghanistan, have tried to reach the continent via Turkey or by sea. By analysing data from think tanks, research institutes, government and universities, the IEP estimated that in 2017 violence cost the economy $14.8 trillion nearly $2,000 a person. Europe was ranked as the most peaceful region in the world, while the Middle East and North Africa were the least peaceful. In neighbouring Iraq, IS poses a threat along the border with Syria, even though the country declared final victory last December over the militants, which overran a third of Iraq in 2014.
On the other side, United Nations has also failed to fulfill core purpose of its formation that was to establish peace in the world and to resolve conflicts in the world. It seems that powerful countries violate international laws and don’t bother about United Nations resolutions. The United Nations in May said the humanitarian crisis in Syria was worse this year than at any time before in the country’s seven-year civil war. It is alarming that United States is involved in most of the ongoing conflicts around the world. It is dire situation and UN and other world major powers need to step up in order to find solutions of the increasing violence in the world that we all claim to be our house.
It is pleasing to know that Pakistan’s score has improved when it comes to curb violence and terrorism. Our security forces must be appreciated for successfully curbing the extremism and terrorism from our beloved country.