Chia seed

January 16, 2018


Chia seed is generally originated from Salvia hispanica belonging to the Lamiaceae family. The seeds of Salvia are used medicinally and for food.  Chia was first used by the Aztecs as early as 3500 B.C. and was a cash crop in the centre of Mexico between 1500 and 900 B.C. The Aztecs also presented chia to the gods during sacred rituals. The ancient civilizations believed that the chia seed provided supernatural powers because of the large amounts of it energy provided. Chia is grown commercially for its seed, a food rich in omega-3 fatty acids since the seeds yield 25–30% extractable oil, including α-linolenic acid. The composition of the fat of the oil may be 55% ω-3, 18% ω-6, 6% ω-9, and 10% saturated fat. Naturally, chia seeds are small ovals with a diameter of approximately 1 mm (0.039 in). They are mottle-colored with brown, gray, black, and white. The seeds are hydrophilic, chia seeds contain 486 calories per grams, which have 138 calories per ounce. By weight, they contain 6% water, 46% carbohydrates, 34% fat and 19% protein. They contain other plant compounds that are in the least beneficial like chlorogenic acid, Caffeic acid, and Quercetin. In order to have a very long shelf life, chia seeds have to be clean and dry because the antioxidants in chia seeds protect the fats from damage.

These are a good source of crucial Fatty Acids, Protein, Vitamins A, B, E and D, Minerals and others Antioxidants. They also excite Weight Loss, packed With Fiber, Regulate Blood Sugar Levels and Prevent Diabetes, Fight Constipation, Dense Food Nutrition-Wise, Maintain Cardiovascular Health, Boost Your Energy, Pre- and Post-Workout Enhancement, Packed with Protein. There are very few side effects associated with chia seeds. There has been some conflicting research about the effect of chia seeds on prostate cancer. Some people may experience stomach discomfort when consuming chia seeds, especially in large amounts, due to the high fiber content. Due to their innovative and medicinal significance chia seeds are used for various purposes like: as a safe egg substitute, to make healthy pudding, to thicken soup or gravies, to make grain free crackers, to thicken meatballs instead of breadcrumbs. Being loaded with fiber, minerals, antioxidants, omega-3 fatty acids, these nutrients make these seeds very potent and healthy. Not only are they capable of preserving your health like digestion and gut, but they can also reduce the risk factors for heart disease and diabetes. And what many people struggle with when buying these superfoods is incorporating into a healthy diet.

Anam Sadiq
Govt College Women University,